The ViCTE Newsletter  

Helps professionals keep and improve their English through the Internet since February 2009: Study Technical English and get information about new technologies.

Number 33                                                                                  August 2011


Dear friend of Technical English!

I taught Technical English for 11years at the Technical University in Prague on the Faculty of electrical engineering. Gradually I have been preparing technical texts concerning computers and the Internet, which are accompanied by exercises for development of communication skills, as materials for classroom presentations and essay writing.

Now I have decided to publish the texts as an e-book that can help professionals who need TE in their work and students to keep their knowledge of English and develop communication skills.

But before publishing I’d like to discuss the structure and the content of the e-book with subscribers and readers or visitors of my blogs and

A draft of the e-book structure:

  • Internet – historical review
  • World Wide Web
  • Internet Structure 
  • Internet Backbone 
  • Hypertext
  • Website Characteristics
  • Website Design
  • Web Servers 
  • Web Browsers
  • Internet Service Providers and Web-hosting
  • Internet Marketing

Each topic from the list above will make a unit comprising a main technical text, exercises, abbreviations, possibly a short text.

The main technical texts will be published on the blog   while exercises, short texts, abbreviations, vocabulary will be placed on the blog

The vocabulary for all units will be placed on the page Internet English Vocabulary.

Thank you for your confident comments and estimation.               Galina Vitkova

World Wide Web

The World Wide Web (WWW or simply the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents that runs over the Internet. A Web browser enables a user to view Web pages that may contain text, images, and other multimedia. Moreover, the browser ensures navigation between the pages using hyperlinks. The Web was created around 1990 by the English Tim Berners-Lee and the Belgian Robert Cailliau working at CERN  in Geneva, Switzerland.

Architettura web semantico

Image via Wikipedia

Architecture of the semantic Web

The term Web is often mistakenly used as a synonym for the Internet itself, but the Web is a service that operates over the Internet, as e-mail, for example, does. The history of the Internet dates back significantly further than that of the Web.

The text continues in “World Wide Web” on the blog


Exercise 1   Make sentences putting the given words into a correct order:

  1. pages – A Web – a user to – browser – enables – Web  – view – .
  2. images – contain – Web – other – text – , and – pages – multimedia – may – .
  3. navigations – Hyperlinks – used – pages – are – web – between – for – .
  4. Berners-Lee – be the – Web – conceived the – Semantic – Web to – .
  5. pages  – Web – include – Most – hyperlinks – .
  6. server-name – The first – resolve – step, – , is to – IP address – the URL – part of – into an – of the  -.
  7. HTTP – sent – A – to the – request – server – is  – Web – .

 Exercise 2   Choose correct answers to the questions beginning with the words in brackets:

1        By definition or by necessity, the Web has such a massive potential

           for social exchange.  (Why … ?)

  • Why does the web have such a massive potential for social exchange?
  • Why does have the web such a massive potential for social exchange?
  • Why the web has such a massive potential for social exchange?

2        The Web is the most far-reaching and extensive medium of

           personal exchange to appear on the Earth.  (What … ?)

  •  What is the web medium?
  •  What medium is the web?
  •  What medium the web is?

3        Some search engines such as Google or Yahoo! also store

          cached content from Web sites.  (What … ?) (subject question)

  • What do some search engines also store from Web sites?
  • What search engines store cached content from Web sites?
  • What store some search engines from Web sites?

4        Unique resource identifiers locate a particular resource (a computer

          file, document or other resource) on the network (Where … ?)

  • Where do URIs locate a particular resource?
  • Where locate URIs a particular resource?
  • Where URIs locate a particular resource?

  5        In the Client-server model of computing a server computer

             provides the client with data.    (What … with?)  

  • What a server computer provides the client with?
  • What provides a server computer the client with?
  • What does a server computer provide the client with?

6        The HTML text is first requested and parsed by the browser. 

           (What … by?)

  • a. What the HTML is first requested and parsed by?
  • What is the HTML first requested and parsed by?
  • What is first requested and parsed the HTML by?

7        More than 550 million documents on the Web  are mostly in

           the “invisible Web”.  (How many … ?)

  • How many documents on the web are mostly in the „invisible web“?
  • How many documents are on the web mostly in the „invisible web“?

 Find keys to the exercises on the page Keys to Internet English.


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